Great Bulgarian Rulers - Tsar Simeon I the Great

Great Bulgarian Rulers - Tsar Simeon I the Great 

Tsar Simeon I - Bulgarian ruler, called the Great by his people

Tsar Simeon I - Bulgarian ruler, called the Great by his people. Great are the achievements of his reign
Along with successful wars, Bulgaria became king in third cultural center of the world then. His time is a time of territorial expansion - Bulgaria washes its banks on three seas, it is time cultural prosperity through the ages, later called Golden Age of Bulgarian culture.
Simeon stands at the head of state after his older brother Vladimir Race is removed from the throne and blinded because of his attempt to return the country to paganism.
Old Boris leaves the convent to plead for his life. He put on the throne his youngest son, who bilgotven head of the Bulgarian church. Symbolic end of the pagan past is put to the transfer of capital from Pliska to Preslav. Furthermore, the Bulgarian is the official language in worship.
Although not prepared for the king (he was the third son of Boris), Simeon is one of the most erudite people in the country. The young king received his education in Byzantium. He evazpitanik Magnaur the prestigious school. In the capital of the Byzantine Empire received excellent education and studied the rhetoric of Demosthenes and Aristotle.
But although it is known in Byzantine chronicles "polugrak" his policy was entirely subordinated to the Bulgarian interesi.Oshte his ascension to the throne, Simeon starts war with Byzantium. Conflict is caused by the relocation of the Bulgarian marketplace from Constantinople to Thessaloniki in 894, these actions affect Byzantium as the economic interests of Bulgaria and its international prestige.
In response, the Bulgarian army invaded eastern Thrace without meeting any resistance. Place the beginning of a prolonged military conflict. Two years after the war Byzantium was forced to seek peace. Great Empire is obliged to pay the annual danak.Prez Bulgaria next year for the first time in its history, the Bulgarian State reached the Adriatic Sea.

 

                                               
In 904, the auction we returned to Constantinople and the Byzantine-Bulgarian border passes 20 km from Thessaloniki.
In 912 Byzantium refused to pay their annual tax of Bulgaria Simeon and besieged Constantinople. After lengthy negotiations in the autumn of 913, is peace, which officially recognized the royal title of the Bulgarian ruler.
A year later in Byzantium coup d'état. Began feverish preparations for war with the Bulgarians. On 20 August 917, near the River Aheloy troops Simeon once again beat the opponent. Defeat of the Byzantines was full.
Victories hopeful king and he began to think about the conquest of Constantinople.To be emperor of the Byzantines and Bulgarians became his goal. Expression of his intention with which the title is named - "Emperor of all Bulgarians and Greeks", "Simeon God in Christ - autocrat of all Bulgarians and Byzantines."

                                                 
Realizing that the Byzantine capital can not be conquered without a strong fleet, Simeon attempts to ally with the Arabs. However, his attempts to ovenchavat success.
However, this does not lead to stagnation in foreign policy. In response to the anti-Bulgarian policy of the Serbs, Simeon breaks and remove their troops from the state map of the Balkans. Should conflict with the Croatian Kingdom, probably caused by Byzantium. This is the first war that the Bulgarian ruler loses. And last, which leads ...
Along with the great military successes, Simeon achieved enviable results in the country. His reign was marked by a flowering of literature, art and architecture. The capital has been compared by contemporaries with Constantinople. In Preslav are "golden" church and throne room, which is distinguished by its splendor. At that time, was created and Preslav ceramics, which followed the most prestigious Byzantine models.
Simeon gathered around him so. Simeonov-circuit some of undoubted literary artists in the Bulgarian Middle Ages. The King also worked as an author.

                                                                                         
Genres in which literary creativity, are instructive sermons, eulogies, vitae, himnograficheski works, poetry, chronicles, annals, historical narrative. Notable are "Shestodnev" by John Exarch, "Master Gospel" (including in themselves and "Alphabet Prayer") of Konstantin of Preslav, "For the letters" a Free University. The names of other authors range from Simeon are Doks Tudor, John the Presbyter and Presbyter Gregory, of which we have reserved works.
Reign of Tsar Simeon peaked in the history of the first Bulgarian state. In addition to his time until then unseen territorial country might become a hub na cultural and spiritual life.
Victories on the battlefield allowing him to strengthen the international prestige of Bulgaria, leaving behind a powerful country, stretching from the Carpathians to the Aegean and Black Sea to the Adriatic. Despite the almost continuous wars with Byzantium, he strengthens his power inside the country and conducts sound domestic policy.
So deservedly remains in our history as Simeon the Great!

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