Sofia - The Capital Of Bulgaria - Cities Of Bulgaria

Sofia - The Capital Of Bulgaria - Cities Of  Bulgaria 

  Sofia (from the Greek σοφία - wisdom) is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria, as well as the 12th largest city in the European Union. Sofia is a city with a population of 1,263,884 people (registered under the current address), which represents 17% of the population. Located in central western Bulgaria, in Sofia valley, surrounded by Mount Vitosha to the south, Lyulin Mountain to the west and north of Stara Planina.The total area was 492 square kilometers, the average altitude of 550 m e. This makes it the fourth highest capital in Europe.


 Sofia is the main administrative, industrial, transport, cultural and university center.Here is the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, universities, theaters, cinemas, National Gallery of Art, Archaeology, History, Natural History and other museums.Sofia is named after the former cathedral of the city "St. Sofia". It was declared a city in 1879.
   In many places in the city center are reserved visible archaeological monuments from Roman times. Has changed names: Serdika Sredets Triaditsa. The motto of the city is "growing, never old." 


Thracian Serdika
Remains of fortress Serdika



Serdica  Fortress

 Roman period

Serdika - Rotunda "St. George "and the remains of the residence of Emperor Constantine I the Great of the IV century.


St George Rotunda Sofia


In 809 the town became part of the Bulgarian state and receives the Bulgarian name Sredets. It is assumed that the Byzantine documents from this period it was called Triaditsa.

Ottoman rule
 Church "St. Sofia "

Sveta Sofia Church


The name Sofia city is called in the documents of the Ottoman Empire.



                                                      Sofia-Zlatarskata  charshiya.                                                                                                          

    During the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878 year Sofia was liberated on January 4, 1878 (December 23, 1877 old style) of Russian troops under the command of General Joseph Gurko.
Goldsmith bazaar in Sofia by the end of the 19th century
Selecting it a capital helps its rapid transformation into a large and important political, administrative, economic, scientific and cultural center of the country.
On Good Friday, in April 1925 in Sofia is to assassinate the church "Holy Sunday", the worst terrorist act in the history of Bulgaria. Have killed 170 people and injured 500.

Kathedrale  1925

Cathedral "Nedelya" after the bombing, in April 1925.

   In the second half of the 20th century to Sofia are connected many of the neighboring villages that were previously separate - and Birimirtsi Obradovtsi in 1955, Knyazhevo in 1958, Boyana, hostile, Palm Sunday, Gorna Banya, Dragalevtsi, Bug, Iliantsi Malashevtsi, Obelia , Orlandovtsi Simeonovo iSlatina in 1961, Suhodol Trebich Filipovtsi and in 1971, Grannies, Gorublyane Kremikovtzi Seslavtsi and Chelopechene in 1978.



Hatsionalen Palace of Culture

   After the fall of the regime of Todor Zhivkov in 1989, following an upsurge in construction. Built many new modern buildings, many with foreign investment.


Complex Largo

     Today Sofia is the biggest industrial center of Bulgaria.



sofia   parliament.
   National Assembly building

In the center of the city are the buildings of the National Assembly, the Presidency, Council of Ministers and the Ministries.


Sofia  Center
     Sofia center

In connection with the integration of Bulgaria to the European Union, a number of governmental and nongovernmental organizations have begun work in this area in Sofia. After signing the accession agreement here deynostSavetat develop their association with the EU and the European Commission Delegation in Bulgaria.

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