Panagyurishte treasure

Panagyurishte treasure 

In the cold morning of December 8, 1949 three brothers - Pavel, Petko and Michail Deykova work together in the area of ​​the tile factory "Merul" near Panagyurishte. There, one of the brothers in the crumbly clay noticeable flicker. Thus, the court found nine of Panagyurishte treasure. They are made of pure gold, and their combined weight is less than 6 kg. The largest court amphora - rhyton has seven small rhyton - 3 in the form of animal heads, three shaped Amazons and one wallet-shaped goat. The last court phial. From the inscription on phiale judge that are made in the city Lapsakos the Dardanelles. Treasure is dated III century BC. Historians suggest that the vessels were part of a religious ritual. They spilled wine. It is considered that they were intended for ritual purification of liquid, probably still wine by pouring from vessel to vessel. In any case, it suggests that this type of service is incomplete. It is not clear whether they belonged to a Thracian ruler or a local just brought this land from a dealer or a war prize. The rich decoration craft depicts many scenes from Greek mythology. Treasure is a very beautiful golden service with many decorations and ornaments. It was used or feasts or religious sacraments and rituals related to Thracian mythology. It consists of nine vessels made of gold with a total weight of 6 kg. Four rhytons are shaped like heads or the front part of the body of animals - sheep, goat, and 2 head of fallow deer. On top of rhytons are artistically depicted mythological scenes and heroes of ancient Greek mythology. One of rhytons depict feast in honor of the wedding of Dionysus and Ariadne Cretan princess. Three of the vessels are shaped jugs as head of Amazon. The handles on these pots are shaped like centaurs, mythological creatures with the body of an animal and the head of a man. Craftsmanship has found Fiala, shallow bowl-shaped tray. On it are engraved four rounds with 24 prominent ornament in each round with decreasing size from the edge to the center of the phial. The outermost both smaller than it is shaped like a negro heads, and the last innermost circle is acorns. Among the rows and the elements phiale is decorated with floral ornaments. Most interesting in shape and decoration is great amforoviden court. The handles are shaped like his fighting centaurs, and two holes for pouring wine are at the heart of the court as a nigger heads. Between chapters Negro is the figure of the child Heracles fighting with the snake. Extremely rich decoration of amphora is complemented by expertly recreated scenes from mythology.

     Impact and beauty of these six kilograms of gold can not be described, it must be seen to be felt. The museum Panagyurishte is set up to open a treasure and the original can be seen in the halls of the National Museum of History in Sofia, if not a tour of the world.

 

 

« back to articles