Articles (Historic Landmarks)


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Aladja Monastery - Monasteries - 19 June 2011

Aladja Monastery - Monasteries

    The Aladzha rock monastery is situated only a few kilometers south of the Riviera Holiday Club and Golden Sands sea resorts and is also a part of the Zlatni Pyasatsi natural park. The distance to Varna is 16 km. The name of Aladzha monastery comes from the Turkish word for colourful ("aladzha") due most probably to the bright colours of its wall paintings, dating back to the early Middle Ages. The monk's cells, common rooms and sanctuaries, dug directly into the limestone rock and situated on two levels high above the ground, were connected via an external staircase. The lower floor hosted the monks' private cells, common rooms (i.e. kitchen, dining room) and a small church, while the upper level was dedicated entirely to a chapel. According...

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Dryanovo Monastery - Monasteries - 14 June 2011

Dryanovo Monastery - Monasteries

The historical Dryanovo monastery, St Archangel Michael, is situated about 4km away from Dryanovo in the picturesque gorge of the Dryanovo river where limestone rocks rise high on all sides of the gorge as inapproachable forest walls. It is believed that the first monastery in this place was founded some 2km to the north of the present-day buildings, in an area called The Little St Archangel. Its founders were two rebel boyars of the then-capital city of Turnovo –the Assen and Petar brothers. In the 14th century, the holy place was one of the main centres of Hesychasm and sheltered many monks. At the beginning of the 15th century, the monastery was destroyed by the invading Ottoman troops. Later on, it was reconstructed on a neighbouring site, known as the Big St Archangel, but the fate...

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Rozhen Monastery - Monasteries - 14 June 2011

Rozhen Monastery - Monasteries

     The Rozhen monastery is situated about 5km away from the small town of Melnik up in the lower part of the Pirin mountain. It offers an amazing view to the peaks of the Pirin and Belasitsa mountains, and the famous ‘mels’ of Melnik – the latter being pyramid-like hills around the town, formed by the erosion of clay loam. The Rozhen monastery is the biggest sanctuary in the Pirin region and one of the few Bulgarian monasteries of the Middle Ages, which has survived relatively intact up to present days. According to annals kept in Atone, Greece, the monastery dates back at least to 890 AC – for comparison, the biggest monastery in Bulgaria, the Rila monastery, is believed to have started functioning in 917 AC. The church of the monastery, named St Birth...

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Ustremski Monastery “Holy Trinity” - Monasteries - 12 May 2011

Ustremski Monastery “Holy Trinity” - Monasteries

Perhaps osnonavaneto of Ustrem monastery in the 14th century, because in the early 15th century, his name occurs in other Ottoman documents. He had collapsed several times and then re-nominated. Near the monastery there is a rock cave - "Vechta church" in which there are remains of an old painting. This proves that the emergence of the monastery is connected with the famous 14th-century hermit who lived in caves in the Strandja and Sakar. Ustrem Monastery seriously injured during the riots in the 18th century, but in the early 19th century was restored by Christo leader of Sliven. He became a monk and took the name here Hrisant. Began renovation of the monastery, which is using the local population and became its abbot Hrisant. Destroyed the first...

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Dragalevtsi Monastery “Virgin Mary Of Vitosha” - Monasteries - 11 May 2011

Dragalevtsi  Monastery  “Virgin Mary Of Vitosha” - Monasteries

The monastery is located about 3 km. Dragalevtsi south of the village (now a suburb of Sofia a few years) at the foot of Vitosha. "Virgin Mary of Vitosha" is one of the most beautiful monasteries. The monastery was founded in 1345, during the Second Bulgarian Kingdom and the reign of Ivan Alexander (1331-1371). Unlike most Bulgarian monasteries Dragalevski was saved from annihilation. Unfortunately, several years later was abandoned by its monks. Soon after, it was restored and brought back to life by Sofia boyar, Radoslav Mavar. During reconstruction, the small church was decorated with beautiful frescoes, most of which have been preserved to this day. Among those present having high artistic value and ethnographic portraits of Radoslav Mavar,...

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